Category Archives: Project 4 – Time and place


In this exercise we are asked to explore a range of websites or other forms of new media and identify examples of what we would consider cutting edge or inventive forms of visual communication.  The search can be conducted in terms of the aesthetics used, the functionality of the site, or simply the ideas being explored.  We are asked to pick examples that we find intriguing, exciting or novel and reflect on what make them interesting to ourselves.  We are then asked to think back to Project 1 and see if these examples still conform to messages that persuade, inform, or entertain.

There were examples given in the exercise which I was disappointed to find were either not functional for one reason or another or were outdated:

accessed January 14, 2019 – I felt this was a little outdated and not quite cutting edge or inventive

accessed January 14, 2019 – page didn’t open

accessed January 14, 2019 – technical problems

I decided to research websites to do with Writing and Photography websites as I know this is what excites me am passionate about, I thought it would be interesting to see what stood out as cutting edge, informative and persuasive.  I found some better than others, lots were outdated or too complicated to navigate round.  The ones that stood out for me me I considered to be professional, informative, stood out, colourful or at least attractive, up to date and really interesting with excellent writing and/photographic skills along with a great web design and layout.


ABC Tales – accessed January 14, 2019

This site is specifically for writers to ‘share, discuss and develop their work’.  It is a very simple, but bright and cheerful website, easy to navigate and somewhere to have your work displayed and even edited by other writers.  Looks like there is a lively forum for giving and seeking advise.  Looks to be inventive and looking forward to signing up.  I would say it persuades you to want to share your work and is informative in as much as it informs you of other writers works and forums to join.  It  does provide weekly poems and stories to read which I would class as entertaining.

BBC – Writers Room – accessed January 14, 2019

The BBC has a website that is specifically for writers to submit scripts and to obtain information about the writing opportunities within the BBC.  I found the website to be extremely colourful and attractive, also easy to navigate and very well presented.  It is possible to submit scripts in both Comedy and Drama and includes a section where you can read a variety of scripts from archived tv programmes.  It is a great website for those wishing to follow script writing as a form of writing.  It is persuasive in the way it encourages you to enter scripts and gives deadlines and how to submit forms and is therefore very informative.  I’m not sure of entertainment value but most definitely an exciting one to be a part of.

The British Library accessed January 15, 2019

A very informative website that is up-to-date, modern, eye-catching and very persuasive in its visual content.  It provides a variety of exciting avenues to learn, like discovering the longest epic poem in Old English, there are blogs, catalogues to read and events to attend.  Everything is vibrant and clear, photos are exceptional quality and the layout and navigation are excellent.  I am very excited at the prospect of becoming a member and joining their mailing list.

Writers Online Accessed online January 15, 2019

This is a very clear and concise website, providing a lot of information on courses to attend, books to buy and competitions to enter, it is also linked to a magazine called Writing Magazine provided on a monthly basis.  It markets the brand well and is quite persuasive in encouraging you to enter the competitions and buy the magazine and books, there is no entertainment value however it is a great website for resources and encouragement for writers.


British Journal of Photography accessed on January 15, 2019

I love the simplicity of this website, it is truly about the photographs.  There are a variety of cultural, contemporary and artistic photos that stretch the imagination.  A select number of photos provide further information to the history of the photo and/or photographer and links will take you to limited competitions, featured articles, galleries and photo books.  If looking at a photo is entertainment to you, then this site is worth investigating and exploring the unusual and unexpected.

iPhone Photography School accessed January 16, 2019

Another Simple but eye-catching website created in black, white and red colours.  Slick, informative, fun and persuasive in making you want to learn more from their free tutorials, hints and tips, news/updates and interviews with competitions to enter too.  It’s a great site but is for iphone users as the title suggests .  I take many photos with my iphone, and don’t use any of the tools that I realize it now has, am looking forward to learning more.

Fstoppers accessed January 16, 2019

An extremely up to date, informative, exciting and colourful website.  It is exceptional.  The home page has a blog containing current articles written by a team of Fstopper writers/photographers showing their passion and knowledge for photography.  Articles feature, lighting techniques, how to become a professional photographer and camera reviews, to name but a few.  The tutorials are run by professionals and do cost, this doesn’t surprise me as it is clear who the website is aimed at, serious photographers.  There are contests and a community for discussions and sharing of knowledge, perhaps one to investigate further when not quite a beginner.

The Spruce Crafts – Photography  accessed January 16, 2019

A beautiful and refreshing website, one that you will want to spend endless hours in your favorite corner having a good read, discovering different hobbies and crafts ranging from jewellery making, needlework, papercrafts and of course photography.  The style of the website is a very soft, warm and welcoming feel with pastel colours and square photos, the articles are  written in a friendly manner, not too technical.  Information provided is easy to find and I have enjoyed the photography section giving an assortment of guidance from curing ‘red eye’, what photo editor to use and how to take the perfect ocean picture.  It has a great entertainment value in providing so much information on games such as learning chess and certain card games.    Extremely persuasive in its style as it is hard to just concentrate on just the photography section, the choice of new hobbies and crafts is very persuasive in making you want to try something different.   It is modern and very beautifully put together.

On reflection of this exercise, I thoroughly enjoyed finding new and exciting websites that provide informative and exciting ideas for writing and photography.  I can’t wait for some spare time to investigate further as they have certainly persuaded me to try new photography skills and to enter new competions and blogs with my writing.



Future Farmers: accessed January 14, 2019

Communication Culture accessed January 14, 2019

ABC Tales – accessed January 14, 2019

BBC – Writers Room – accessed January 14, 2019

The British Library accessed January 15, 2019

Writers Online Accessed online January 15, 2019

British Journal of Photography accessed on January 15, 2019

iPhone Photography School accessed January 16, 2019

Fstoppers accessed January 16, 2019

The Spruce Crafts – Photography  accessed January 16, 2019













Knitting is believed to have originated in the Middle East in the 5th Century then moved on to Europe.  Throughout the centuries knitting has changed and been used for various situations.  In the 14th century, heavy duty knitted jumpers and jackets were made for the fishermen, in the 1st world war women knitted balaclavas, socks and gloves for the army to keep the men warm and again in the 2nd world war.  In the 70’s strange fashion ideas arose, the birth of the tank top, scary ski masks, bikinis, nose warmers and silly hats.  Adverts showed men and women wearing matching tank tops, but would you ever see anyone in the street wearing matching ones, I don’t think so.

Knitting images - Pinterest - Jean Taylor notebook

Never to be seen in knitting items! Courtesy of Pinterest images 2019

Knitting to me is quite sentimental as it reminds me of my mum.  You could always find my mum early evening sitting in her comfy chair watching tv … whilst knitting, hair in curlers, cigarette in her mouth, click click clicking away.  As a teenager she moved on to a knitting machine so the sound changed to a loud whirring sound, not to mention the swearing when the wool came away from the machine.  I recall my brother and I wearing brightly coloured tank tops, even to the disco, they were all the rage in the 70’s and I was very proud my mum was able to knit them.  I recall learning to knit quite young, and being very proud at my first teddies jacket that I made, with various scarves and only once achieving a jumper, time and patience not being my best attribute. I recall mum making me a yellow bed jacket for taking into hospital when I had my first daughter, such a lot of effort and am ashamed to say I hardly wore it, but did to please her, I would think that happened a lot in families.  Many jumpers were knitted for my daughters as babies and toddlers, a stream of endless booties and gloves, all made with love and patience, some still stored away in boxes.

knitting plan

Knitting mind map – Jean Taylor

Looking back at adverts for knitting over the years, many of them would show a woman on her own knitting, a solitary pastime, although when women were asked to knit for the army during the wars it became something of national interest and was more social and a needed occupation.  It is generally considered to be a woman’s hobby and has had a sudden revival again, with the arrival of knitting clubs and new designer patterns.  Whilst walking around the malls here in Saudi Arabia I was surprised to find several stores with limited wool, needles and patterns.

knitting saudi arabia


(accessed December 20, 2018)


(Accessed December 20, 2018)


(Accessed December 20, 2018)


(accessed December 17, 2018)




Mercedes-Benz is a luxury car manufacturer that is noted for ‘publishing the first ever automobile advertisement for the patented motor car in 1888’.  Benz believed in ‘business recommendation’ and didn’t advertise the car itself but on ‘goodwill advertising’ as a trust-building exercise.  He used initial literature such as ‘absolutely safe’, ‘no special operating skills required’ or ‘always ready for service’.

As time went on the advertising looked to be aimed at sophistication, with an elegant woman featured – aimed at the upper-class society, making cars a status symbol.  Women also began to drive cars and were featured more in adverts at the wheel.  ‘The female advertising icon of these times was sporty, self-confident, romantic and refined. She was seen as having a good sense of judgement and influence over men – and she was portrayed as craving for a car from her man’.

(accessed December 12, 2018)

Today, cars are still a status symbol, cars such as Mercedes-benz and women are still influenced by the appearance of cars or those who drive them.  As depicted in one of Mercedes-Benz latest adverts, although a woman is not shown the implication is there.  The car is a beautiful Mercedes sports car with the written caption “Men talk about women, sports and cars.  Women talk about men inside sports cars”.

(accessed December 11, 2018)

(accessed December 11, 2018

Looking back over vintage advertisements, it would seem women are influenced by the men who own such prestigious cars, the adverts would show men and women wearing elegant or sporty clothes.  However, they would also want to be reassured the car was safe and comfortable.  The Mercedes slogan is “The best of nothing”.

 Mercedes-Benz Advert

Denotation:  Red sport’s car with Mercedes sign, parked on a road with stunning mountain background, has the wording “Men talk about women, sports and cars.  Women talk about men inside sports cars”.

Connotation: Suggesting, it’s important for the car to be a status symbol either for the car she is driving or the man who is driving it.

Sign: Red Sport’s car

Signifier: Shiny red car, large sports wheels, sports car, mountain background, wording “Men talk about women, sports and cars.  Women talk about men inside sports cars”.

Signified:  Sporty, upper class, attractive to women who like to see a man driving such a car, attractive to women who like to drive a sports car

What characterizes it as ‘new’, is the actual car itself, the make and model, the type of tyres and the number plate.  The mercedes emblem is now shown on the front of the car engine, whereas in previous adverts it would show as a standalone feature on the engine, but due to vandalism this was changed with them being broken off the cars.

Having looked at other top of the range models like BMW, I noticed there were no slogans, and if they were they didn’t come across as sexist, more about the car “The Ultimate Driving Machine” is their Slogan.  Or the Range Rover, similar mountain background but no slogan on the advert although their slogan is known as “Above and Beyond”.


(Accessed December 13, 2018)

Range Rover

(Accessed December 13, 2018)

Mercedes-Benz – clearly likes to be considered the best, they are a luxury and prestigious car, and women like to be seen in one or be seen with someone driving one, this has come across in vintage adverts and present day.  The advert I chose will soon become ‘last year’s thing’ as the style of the car will change by the following year with a new design or features, better wheels, engine or interior.  The slogan will mostly like not be used again due to the sexism innuendo, women love a nice car but ultimately want safety and comfort as a priority so perhaps they would be better referring more to this in their adverts.