live in Saudi Arabia, and am very lucky to live within 10 minutes from the incredible King Abdulaziz World Culture Arts Centre (ITHRA) that has finally been completed in 2017. The building itself is a fascinating structure of contemporary architecture and stands prominent in a place just outside the Aramco compound in Dhahran, Eastern Provence in Saudi Arabia.
Photo courtesy of Snohetta website
An initial foundation stone was laid by King Abdullah on May 20, 2008 and officially opened by the present King, the Custodian of The Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz on December 1, 2017. I was extremely excited to visit the centre and it certainly has the wow factor as you approach the unique, contemporary structure.
The building, houses a cinema, theatre, museum, library and exhibition hall. I feel at the moment it is still in its opening stages but cannot wait to see what events and artworks will be held at this magnificent building.
Place: Two landscape features Lush Gardens and a Monosurface – situated in Dhahran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia providing diverse cultural facilities for both local and worldwide audience.
Time: In a drawing found on the Architectures website: Snohetta it shows the top part of the structure means the future, the middle part on the ground level is the present and below the surface is the past.
Title: ITHRA – King Abdulaziz Centre for World Culture
Artist: Snohetta (Architect firm in Norway)
Completion: 2017 (first stone laid 2008)
Art Movement: Site-specific – Cultural landmark for both regional and national visitors
Typology: Cultural Centre
Cost: $400 million – approximately
On reflection I enjoyed visiting the centre and finding out further information about it, there were several sources I used to obtain additional information ie the approximate cost and the Artist which were not displayed on the ITHRA website. Once I knew who the Architect firm were that designed it I searched for their website and was able to gain further information. There was also a newspaper called The Art Newspaper that had writen an article back in January this year about pending opening of the centre. This will be an amazing culture centre, at the moment I feel its in its early stages and needs new marketing to spread the word.
(1) Photo courtesy of Arch Daily (2016) Textile Architecture in Saudi Arabia
The King Abdulaziz Center for Culture (Ithra) is a state of the art building has outside areas needing protection from the severe heat and sun conditions. MDT provided umbrella like structures that were designed to protect people from the severe weather conditions of Saudi Arabia, particularly the sun, strong winds, dust and rain storms. A material called PTFE was used and had been TEFLON coated in order to provide the best protection.
ART or DESIGN – The structures have been designed with weatherproof material to protect against the strong Saudi Arabian weather conditions
TEMPORARY or PERMANENT – Structures were permanent, interlinking buildings and protecting the public from weather conditions
LARGE SCALE or SMALL SCALE – Individual umbrella shaped structures, not a large scale building
TRANSFORMING and/or DEFINNIG and/or FORMING – The umbrellas transform the area to protect the public from the severe weather conditions, they define the area they are in by providing a safe link between the buildings and are made out of specific material forming upside umbrella shapes.
IMMERSIVE and/or DISTANT – The structures are of a practical use and can be viewed from building windows or from underneath as the public walk through the walkways they are covering
PATTERN and/or COLOUR and/or REPETITION and/or SHAPE – The shape, colour and patterns are all important as they are of shades to protect against the weather elements, along with the shape to protect against wind and rain, the pattern of the umbrellas are repeated throughout the installation of the structures that link buildings together with the protected walkways
King Abdulaziz Center for World Culture
THE NORWEGIAN-BASED ARCHITECTURAL FIRM SNOHETTA WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DESIGN OF THE KING ABDULAZIZ CENTER FOR WORLD CULTURE IN SAUDI-ARABIA. FOR THIS CULTURAL COMPLEX THEY WERE LOOKING FOR A MANUFACTURER OF OUTDOOR MEMBRANCE CONSTRUCTIONS. AS THEY WERE LOOKING FOR A DESIGN-ORIENTED PRODUCT, THE MANUFACTURER NEEDS TO BE CAPABLE TO CUSTOMIZE THEIR STANDARD PRODUCTS AFTER THE CUSTOMER’S WISHES.
Among others one of MDT’s core competences is form-finding according to the design layout provided by the customer. Therefore MDT is using their own manufactured fabric “MDT-PTFE”, weighing 700 g/m². This fabric is characterized by a long lifespan as well as UV-resistance. Furthermore, additionally to the TEFLON-coating, there is a “self-cleaning effect”, which prevents the fabric from aging and polluting. All membranes which are made of MDT-PTFE fabric are 100% waterproof, cross-breaking resistant, color-fast, tearproof as well as weatherproof. Besides that the MDT-PTFE fabric is easy to clean, UV-resistant as well as resistant against environmental influence. Due to its high functionality and durability the MDT-PTFE is suitable especially for public places and special constructions for permanent shading and rain protection.
Furthermore the customer demanded a storm safe construction, which resists both the weather conditions as well as strong winds. For that reason MDT designed specially shaped, inverted umbrellas. Altogether there will be six pieces of ø10m round inverted umbrellas as well as 13pcs in an asymmetrical version, measuring approximately 5x6m.
MDT DESIGNS ,MANUFACTURES AND SUPPLIES INNOVATIVE AND HIGH -QUALITY SUNPROTECTION SYSTEMS, MEMBRANE CONSTRUCTIONS AND CUSTOM- MADE PRODUCTS FOR TEXTILE OUTDOOR ARCHITECTURE TO CUSTOMERS ALL OVER THE WORLD. THE COMPANY CARRIES OUT THE ENTIRE PRODUCTION PROCESS IN ITS OWN CUTTING-EDGE FACTORIES AT INTERNATIONAL LOCATIONS. THIS GUARANTEES THE HIGHEST QUALITY FOR INNOVATIVE PRODUCTS AND ENSURES ABSOLUTE SUPPLY SECURITY.
ENJOY OPEN SPACES
Its commitment to quality and design makes MDT a qualified partner for textile printing and textile architecture since 25 years. Our product range reaches from serial production to individual production in cooperation with international architectural and design offices.
Our name , MDT _Membrane -Design and Technique, also illustrates our agenda: we use our considerable technical expertise to realize high quality and sophisticated design. Therefore , MDT has become a welcome address for visionary, and creative customers from all over the world.
As a medium sized company based in Germany , Switzerland and Latvia, we help create attractive outdoor living spaces with our high quality sun protection systems.
Our in house development and production has provided the foundation of our operations around the world. Continuous Investments in „State of the Art“- manufacturing technologies as well as 30.000 m² of production and storage space at different locations enable MDT to realize customer desires flexible and contemporary.
People enjoy the free spaces that we open up far beyond our umbrellas: textile outdoor architecture.
PTFE – also known as Teflon – is raised as a coating on fiberglass or polyester. Thanks to an own developed coating we are able to offer waterproofed fabric. PTFE is resistant to high environmental- and industrial influence and has a very low frictional resistance. Nearly no materials exist which stick to it. By its extreme resistance to tearing and non-combustibility, PTFE is the High-End material for complicated demands. For an optimal rain protection in the undeveloped outskirt area we have developed a special coating which makes the weaved material waterproof.
Agriculture/raw fibre production – not using child labor or exploiting local employment, using environmentally friendly pesticides, using machines that use energy efficiently and not dangerous to the community
Ginning – Use machines that are energy efficient, avoid wastage
Spinning/weaving/stitching – Use machines that are energy efficient, avoid wastage, don’t exploit local employment market
Distribution/retail – Use transportation that is energy efficient, electric vehicles or low carbon fuel.
Use/consumption and end of life – recycle clothes by giving to charities, friends, family. Reuse materials by breaking down and remaking a different item using the materials.
TED Have formalized a set of ten criteria for designers and makers to follow, known as TED’s TEN:
- Design to Minimise Waste
- Design for Recycling/upcycling
- Design to Reduce Chemical Impacts
- Design to Reduce Energy and Water Use
- Design that Explores Clean/Better Technologies
- Design that looks at Models from nature and history
- Design for Ethical Production
- Design to Replace the Need to Consume
- Design to Dematerialise and Develop Systems and Services
- Design Activism
Currie, Damien – Head, UK Facilities Management – Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO) Report 2018-2019 on Sustainability can be found at https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/723132/FCO1287_FCO_Sustainability_Report_2018.pdf
(accessed April 4, 2019)
A textile is made up of individual fibres combined into yarn that can then be woven, braided, knitted, embroidered or felted.
The Handbook of Textile Culture, edited by Janis Jefferies, et al., Bloomsbury Publishing Plc, 2015. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ucreative-ebooks/detail.action?docID=4007360.
Created from ucreative-ebooks on 2019-08-04 23:24:24.